What is Type 1 Diabetes?

There are three types of diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes.

If you have Type 1 Diabetes, your body stops producing insulin or produces too little insulin to control your blood sugar levels.

  • Type 1 Diabetes is typically recognised in childhood or adolescence. It was previously known as juvenile-onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • Type 1 Diabetes can occur in an older individuals due to destruction of the pancreas by alcohol, disease or removal by surgery or progressive failure of the beta cells of the pancreas to produce insulin, the hormone required to control blood sugar levels.
  • People with Type 1 Diabetes generally require daily insulin treatment.

Recognising the Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

The symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes are often dramatic and appear suddenly.

  • Type 1 Diabetes is usually recognised in childhood or early adolescence, often in association with an illness, such as a virus, or injury.
  • The extra stress can cause diabetic ketoacidosis. Symptoms of ketoacidosis include nausea and vomiting. Dehydration and serious electrolyte disturbances follow. Without treatment, ketoacidosis can lead to coma and death.

What Are Insulin Pumps?

There is increasing interest in the use of insulin pumps, which are also known as continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy.

This medical device is an alternative to multiple daily injections of insulin by insulin syringe or an insulin pen.

A insulin pump is normally used by those individuals who require close monitoring of their blood glucose levels. This form of insulin delivery offers potential benefits over conventional insulin injection treatment.

The insulin pump is approximately the size of a pager and contains a micro computer and a reservoir of insulin in a syringe. This is pumped through a tiny tube inserted under the skin of the abdomen or buttocks in response to increased insulin needs.

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