There are three types of diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes.
If you have been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes, your pancreas are secreting insulin, but your body has become mildly or completely resistant to its action.
When this occurs you can no longer control your blood sugar effectively.
Most individuals with diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes develops over time as a result of Insulin Resistance Syndrome, also known as Syndrome X or Metabolic Syndrome.
The body tries to overcome an insulin resistance situation by secreting more and more insulin. Insulin Resistance Syndrome develops into Type 2 Diabetes when you can no longer secrete enough insulin to cope with the increasing demand to control your blood sugar levels.
Type 2 Diabetes is usually recognized in adulthood, typically after age 45. It was previously called adult-onset diabetes mellitus, or non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
These names are no longer used as Type 2 Diabetes now occurs frequently in younger people, due to poor diet and lifestyle habits.
Type 2 Diabetes is usually controlled with a healthy diet, weight loss and regular exercise.
Oral diabetic medications such as Metformin and Diaformin are also used. More than half of all people with Type 2 Diabetes require insulin to control their blood sugar levels at some point in the course of their illness.
The symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes are subtle, and are usually attributed to ageing or obesity.
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