What is Type 2 Diabetes?

There are three types of diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes.


If you have been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes, your pancreas are secreting insulin, but your body has become mildly or completely resistant to its action.

When this occurs you can no longer control your blood sugar effectively.

Type 2 Diabetes

Most individuals with diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes develops over time as a result of Insulin Resistance Syndrome, also known as Syndrome X or Metabolic Syndrome.

The body tries to overcome an insulin resistance situation by secreting more and more insulin. Insulin Resistance Syndrome develops into Type 2 Diabetes when you can no longer secrete enough insulin to cope with the increasing demand to control your blood sugar levels.

Type 2 Diabetes is usually recognized in adulthood, typically after age 45. It was previously called adult-onset diabetes mellitus, or non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

These names are no longer used as Type 2 Diabetes now occurs frequently in younger people, due to poor diet and lifestyle habits.

Type 2 Diabetes is usually controlled with a healthy diet, weight loss and regular exercise.

Oral diabetic medications such as Metformin and Diaformin are also used. More than half of all people with Type 2 Diabetes require insulin to control their blood sugar levels at some point in the course of their illness.

Recognising the Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

The symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes are subtle, and are usually attributed to ageing or obesity.

  • You may have Type 2 Diabetes for many years without knowing it
  • Pathology testing usually reveals elevated blood sugar levels (BSL) and insulin levels
  • Type 2 Diabetes can be precipitated by steroid medication and stress



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